The Fuerteventura Government Ministry of the Environment have been collecting mist in the Pico de la Zarza and Morro Velosa since December 2016, and so far this new technology has collected over 33,000 litres of water. Mist collectors use the humidity of the trade winds that blow across Fuerteventura, which extract water from mist and fog to create a sustainable water management system.
This project is the result of collaboration between the Regional Ministry of Territorial Policy, Sustainability and Security of the Canary Islands Government, La Caixa Banking Foundation, Caja Canarias Foundation and FEADER funds.
These mist collectors have water metres that measure the amount of water extracted into storage tanks. These positive results show around 6,500 litres of water are collected each month during the season of trade winds.
This simple technology uses meshes placed on a vertical structure in high zones of mountains that intercept mist or humidity that crosses them by the action of the wind. Drops of water then fall by gravity to the storage tank. These mist collectors have a specific purpose of using water from sea mist or clouds to support the reforestation of endemic or specific species of plants and trees. This should help to recover previous habitats that had existed in these natural spaces by providing moisture for the soil and improving the quality of the environment and landscape.
Morro Velosa and Pico de la Zarza are the two highest and most humid places on Fuerteventura, and often create a sea of cloud. Therefore, the humidity of the trade winds blown across the ocean hits these higher regions of the island, and creates ecosystems where unique Canary Islands plants can grow, such as the Tajinaste de Jandia or winter daisy.
These two sites are also considered to become potential places for the development of laurel or other green mountain ecosystems, and although both of these sites hold great potential for this extended project, it appears that Pico de la Zarza is the most bio diverse area of Fuerteventura.
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