A group of German scientists from the Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Innovation Centre tested the Crex and Asguard IV robots in remote parts of the Cueva del Viento at Icod de los Vinos, because this cave is a volcanic tube that simulates the surface of the Moon and Mars.
Frank Kirchner, head of the project from the University of Bremen explained that the lava caves in the Canary Islands are of great interest in space travel, and that robots carry out development practices without having to resort to using an artificial expensive infrastructure.
These tests have also undertaken secure transmission of data between the robots and the earth station, and check with a satellite connection. These tests show that as well as being able to respond to instruction from the earth station, these robots, which are like tarantulas, can autonomously decide where to go.
The Cueva del Viento is a volcanic cavity located in the Municipality of Icod de los Vinos and was formed around 27,000 years ago in basaltic lava from the first eruptive phase of the Pico Viejo volcano that is next to Mount Teide.
This volcanic tube, whose name is due to the important air currents that occur in its interior, is the fifth longest in the world at 18 kilometres that have been surveyed. This constitutes a huge labyrinthine network of underground passages with innumerable ramifications that are still unexplored and should allow this length to be extended in the future.
The Cueva del Viento also stands out for its unique geomorphological characteristics, since its network of galleries is arranged in three superimposed levels, which is a phenomenon that is unique to the Canary Islands.
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